What River Drains Much Of Canada’S Northern Interior


What River Drains Much Of Canada’s Northern Interior?

The Arctic drainage basin is dominated by the Mackenzie River Canada’s longest river which flows 2 635 miles (4 241 km) from its source to its mouth. With its many tributaries it drains 690 000 square miles (1 800 000 square km).

What river drains much of Canada’s interior?

At 1 805 000 km2 (697 000 sq mi) the Mackenzie River drainage basin encompasses nearly 20 percent of Canada. About 980 000 km2 (380 000 sq mi) or 54 percent of the basin lies above Great Slave Lake. Permafrost underlies about three-quarters of the watershed reaching up to 100 m (330 ft) deep in the Mackenzie Delta.

Where does most of Canada’s water drain?

Flows of water. Most of Canada’s surface freshwater flows northward—39% of the total area of the country drains into Hudson Bay and a further 36% drains into the Arctic Ocean.

What are the 5 major drainage basins in Canada?

Canada’s major drainage regions are the Atlantic Ocean Hudson Bay Arctic Ocean Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. Rivers are organized into networks each with its own recharge area upstream and drainage channel and mouth downstream.

What is the largest drainage basin by discharge in Canada?

Canada has five ocean drainage basins. The largest by far is the Hudson Bay basin the smallest situated in the southern Prairies flows via the Missouri and Mississippi rivers into the Gulf of Mexico.

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What rivers drain into the Hudson Bay?

The major rivers discharging into western Hudson Bay are the Hayes Nelson Churchill Kazan and Thelon. The estimated mean rate of discharge for the region is about 9 400 m3/s.

Which river has the largest drainage basin area?

As of 2021 the Amazon basin located in northern South America was the largest drainage basin in the world. The Amazon River and its tributaries drain an area nearly seven million square kilometers.

What rivers drain into the Atlantic Ocean?

Amazon River drains into the Atlantic Ocean. Mississippi drains into the Gulf of Mexico. Orinoco River drains into the Atlantic Ocean. Saint Lawrence River/Fleuve Saint-Laurent drains into the Gulf of St.

Which way do Canadian rivers flow?


4. Our rivers flow north. Nearly half of Canada’s freshwater drains to the north to the Arctic Ocean Hudson Bay and James Bay.

What river runs through the Canadian Rockies?

From headstreams (the Finlay and the Parsnip rivers) in the Canadian Rockies of British Columbia the Peace River flows northeastward across the Alberta prairies receiving its major tributaries (the Smoky and the Wabasca rivers) before joining the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park near the Lake Claire–Lake …

Where do most rivers drain?

A river’s watershed includes the river all its tributaries and any groundwater resources in the area. The end of a river is its mouth. Here the river empties into another body of water—a larger river a lake or the ocean. Many of the largest rivers empty into the ocean.

Does Canada have many rivers?

Among the longest rivers of Canada are 47 streams of at least 600 km (370 mi).

Name Yukon River
Mouth Bering Sea 62°35′55″N 164°48′00″W
Length 3 185 km 1 979 mi
Source Teslin Lake 59°37′00″N 132°09′00″W
Watershed area 839 200 km2 324 000 mi2

What three oceans do the five major drainage areas in North America?

There are six generally recognized hydrological continental divides which divide the continent into seven principal drainage basins spanning three oceans (Arctic Atlantic and Pacific) and one endorheic basin. The basins are the Atlantic Seaboard basin the Gulf of Mexico basin the Great Lakes-St.

What is the busiest river in Canada?

Globally the Nile River is the longest river on Earth measured at 6 671 kilometers.

Leading rivers in Canada based on discharge volume (in cubic meters per second)
Characteristic Discharge in cubic meters per second

Where is the Mackenzie River in Canada?

Northwest Territories
Canada’s Mackenzie River the country’s longest spills out of Great Slave Lake just north of the border between Alberta and Northwest Territories. The river flows northwest skirting the northern ranges of the Rocky Mountains before widening into a marshy lake-dotted delta.Dec 19 2007

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Which river discharges the most water annually?

List of rivers by discharge
No Continent River
1 South America Amazon
2 Africa Congo
3 Asia Ganges/Brahmaputra/Meghna
4 South America Orinoco

What Canadian River flows into the Mississippi?

Missouri River

Some 21 600 square kilometres of Canada’s land mass lies within the Missouri River watershed which flows into the Mississippi River watershed which constitutes the bulk of the Gulf of Mexico watershed.

How many rivers flow into Hudson Bay?

This presentation will explore the variability and trend in streamflow input to Hudson Bay (including James Bay) Canada over 1964-2008. Twenty-three rivers spanning a maximum gauged area of 2.53 × 106 km2 are chosen for this study. These rivers collectively transport 521 km3 of freshwater to Hudson Bay each year.

Does the Red River flow north?

Red River of the North river flowing through the northern United States and southern Manitoba Can. … It flows northward forming for 440 miles (710 km) the North Dakota–Minnesota border before entering Manitoba and emptying into Lake Winnipeg after a course of 545 miles (877 km).

What is the largest drainage in the world?


Fueling the World’s Longest Rivers
Rank River system Drainage area in miles² (km²)
1 Nile 1 256 591 (3 254 555)
2 Amazon 2 702 715 (7 000 000)
3 Yangtze 694 984 (1 800 000)
4 Mississippi 1 150 584 (2 980 000)

Which lake is the world’s largest area of inland drainage?

The Lake Eyre Basin of the world’s largest internally draining river systems covers almost one-sixth of Australia.

What River has the largest drainage basin in North America?

the Mississippi River
Parts or all of 31 states plus two Canadian provinces drain into the Mississippi River totaling 41% of the contiguous United States and 15% of North America. Along with being the largest U.S. drainage basin the Mississippi also creates borders for 10 states.Jul 12 2021

Which river flows north to sea?

• elevation Sea level
Length 6 650 km (4 130 mi)
Basin size 3 400 000 km2 (1 300 000 sq mi)

What are the 5 rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean?

Lawrence the Mississippi the Orinoco the Amazon the Río de la Plata the Congo the Niger the Loire the Rhine the Elbe and the great rivers draining into the Mediterranean Black and Baltic seas.

Which river drains into Bay of Bengal?

The Ganges (Ganga) River is a sacred body of water to Hindus that begins high in the Himalaya Mountains and empties out into the Bay of Bengal.

Do all rivers in Canada flow north?

Some of the most famous are the world’s longest river the Nile along with Russia’s Ob Lena and Yenisey Rivers. The Red River in the U.S. and Canada and Florida’s St. … In fact rivers that flow north can be found all around the world: Athabasca River Canada 765 miles.

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What is Canada’s most northern point?

Cape Columbia

Cape Columbia at latitude 83°07′ N is the most northerly point of Canada and Barbeau Peak at an elevation of 8 583 feet (2 616 metres) is the highest point in Nunavut.

What is the oldest river in Canada?

the Firth River

Since the Firth Valley was never glaciated the Firth River has been called the oldest river in Canada.

What river runs through Banff?

the Bow River
The view of the Rocky Mountains from across the Bow River as it runs through Banff Alberta. The Bow River begins at Bow Lake. It’s fed by the Bow Glacier in Banff National Park and flows southeast past Lake Louise and Banff where it’s joined by the Spray River before continuing east.Jul 18 2016

What river flows through Red Deer?

South Saskatchewan River

The Red Deer River is a river in Alberta and a small portion of Saskatchewan Canada. It is a major tributary of the South Saskatchewan River and is part of the larger Saskatchewan-Nelson system that empties into Hudson Bay.
Red Deer River
• average 70 m3/s (2 500 cu ft/s)

Which rivers flow through the Great Plains?

In the United States the Great Plains are drained by the Missouri River and its tributaries (the Yellowstone Platte and Kansas) and the Red Rio Grande and Arkansas rivers which flow eastward from the Rockies in broad steep-sided shallow valleys.

How many rivers flow north?

In the US at least 48 rivers in 16 states flow north including nine in Alaska and eight in Washington. According to some sources South America has the highest number of northward-flowing rivers. The course of the Nile River as it flows from south to north through Egypt to drain into the Mediterranean Sea.

Do any rivers flow east to west?

The Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. The Columbia River Gorge looking eastward upriver from Oregon [Photographic Credit J. Sean Siry 2010]. The river flows west into the Pacific Ocean from the Rocky Mountains in the east.

Which part of North America has inland drainage?

The Great Basin area in the Rocky Mountains (Middle) has rivers which do not reach the coast but terminate in the land. This is the Inland Drainage System.

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