What Were Philip II Accomplishments?
Upon becoming king of Spain Philip II was the ruler of one of the largest empires the world had ever seen. During his long life he attempted to expand the power of Spain centralize the government and protect the Catholic Church against Protestant reformers. Mar 6 2017
What was Philip’s great accomplishment?
Perhaps one of Prince Philip’s greatest achievements is his founding of the Duke of Edinburgh youth awards program in 1956 which helps young adults navigate adulthood by helping the community training or completing an expedition among other activities.
What is Philip II known for?
King Philip II of Spain also known as Philip the Prudent ruled one of the world’s largest empires. His reign as Spain’s king began the Golden Age a period of great cultural growth in literature music and the visual arts. He was also the King of England through his marriage to Mary Tudor for four years.
How was Philip II successful?
Yet Philip’s reign as a whole was not a failure. He had defeated the great Ottoman offensive in the Mediterranean at the Battle of Lepanto (1571). In the Iberian Peninsula he had completed the work of unification begun by the “Catholic Monarchs ” Ferdinand and Isabella.
What were Philip II’s accomplishments Quizlet?
Philip II’s successes were that he was able to wage several wars in the Mediterranean and he defeated the Turks at the Battle of Lepanto. He annexed Portugal and gained access to their empires. Although he was a forceful leader and he imposed Catholicism on his people and the lands over which he had control.
What was the military goal of Philip II?
Philip had ambitious goals to conquer and unify all of Greece under Macedonian rule and then to use the might of a unified Greece to invade Persia. The groundwork he would lay would later greatly benefit his son Alexander. Philip knew that military power alone though was not enough to achieve his goals.
How did Philip the second strengthen his control over Spain?
To strengthen his control Philip insisted on strict conformity to Catholicism and strong monarchical authority. During the late Middle Ages Catholic kingdoms in Spain had reconquered Muslim areas there and expelled the Spanish Jews.
How did Philip II increase his power?
How did Philip II ensure absolute power? He ruled by divine right which gave him religious power and he also centralized the government so he could control all.
Was Philip II a hero or a villain?
Philip II of Spain inherited the Kingdoms of Spain Naples and the Netherlands from his father Charles V. As a prince he was briefly married to Mary I of England and has ever since been regarded as a villain to English Protestants.
What was the result of Philip II of Spain being a loyal defender of Catholicism?
He considered himself the chief defender of Catholic Europe both against the Ottoman Turks and against the forces of the Protestant Reformation. … In 1588 the English defeated Philip’s Spanish Armada thwarting his planned invasion of the country to reinstate Catholicism.
Who named the Philippines?
King Philip II
The Philippines are named after King Philip II (1527-1598) of Spain. The country was discovered by the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 (while in Spanish service). Later tension arose between Portugal and Spain and in 1542 Spain re-claimed the islands for themselves naming them after its then king.
What was Spain’s Philip II’s goal in the Netherlands?
What was the major goal of King Philip II? To consolidate the lands he inherited from his father in Spain the Netherlands and possessions in Italy and the Americas.
What challenges did Philip II face as a ruler?
- In 1572 Protestants in the Netherlands rebelled against Spain. …
- The rulers of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire were enemies of Spain. …
- France was an enemy of Spain. …
- England was an enemy of Spain. …
- It was difficult to rule the huge empire.
What King became France’s most powerful ruler?
|What king became France’s most powerful ruler and boasted “I am the state”?
|What purpose did the palace at Versailles serve?
|to show Louis power and arouse the envy of other monarchs
What military tactic did Philip II use to defeat the Greek city-states?
Philip used his military knowledge to strengthen the Macedonian army. His soldiers were trained to fight as a phalanx. A phalanx was a large group of foot soldiers armed with shields and spears.
What land did Philip II of Macedonia most want to conquer?
After defeating the Greek city-states of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC Philip II led the effort to establish a federation of Greek states known as the League of Corinth with him as the elected hegemon and commander-in-chief of Greece for a planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
Who tutored Alexander the Great?
When Alexander was 13 Philip called on the great philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son. Aristotle sparked and fostered Alexander’s interest in literature science medicine and philosophy. Nov 9 2009
What did Philip II of Spain conquer?
The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire and the Philippines named in his honor by Ruy López de Villalobos was completed during his reign. Under Philip II Spain reached the height of her influence and power sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age and ruled territories in every continent then known to Europeans.
What made Philip II an absolute monarch?
Philip II as head of the government of Spain believed in the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify several immoral and illegal acts such as ordering murders. Philip developed a system of regional self-government with viceroys answering to him and he ruled as an absolute monarch.
What did Philip 2 believe would happen if Spanish forces invaded England?
How did Spain see itself based on its Catholic heritage? … What did Philip II believe would happen if Spanish forces invaded England? he believed a successful invasion would mean the overthrow of Protestantism. What was Spain’s economy dependent on?
How did Philip II influence the art of Spain’s Golden Age?
Philip II influenced the art of Spain’s golden age by providing financial support to artists.
Had a 42-year reign strengthened the Catholic Church?
During his 42-year reign Philip worked to expand Spanish influence strengthen the Catholic Church and make his power absolute. Philip reigned as an absolute monarch. He asserted that he ruled by divine right. Philip saw himself as a guardian of the Roman Catholic Church.
What Russian dream did Catherine achieve?
Was King Philip II of Spain a good ruler?
During the reign of Philip II the Spanish monarchy reached a great power a Golden Age. Philip also added new territories to the throne when he became the heir of the king of Portugal. fervent Catholic. … Philip II made extensive surveys to rule the new territories of the Americas in a better way.
What were Philip II’s policies?
The foreign policy of Philip II. For the first 20 years of his reign Philip sought to preserve peace with his neighbors in western Europe. He was fighting a major naval war with the Ottoman Empire in the Mediterranean and from 1568 he was faced with rebellion and war in the Netherlands.
How did Philip II try to keep Catholic unity?
Philip II himself ordered the Spanish bishops at the Council of Trent to insist on no accommodation of Protestants. However the reforms at Trent were less relevant to Spain than elsewhere as Cardinal Ximenes Charles V and Philip II had ensured that Spain remained thoroughly Catholic.
Why was Philip II the most Catholic King?
Why was Philip II called “the most catholic king”? Philip II was considered the most catholic king because he had way more power in the catholic church than anyone else. Even the protestants did not have as much power as him in the church. Philip II was the ruler of the church and the state.
Who owns the Philippines?
By the Treaty Cuba gained its independence and Spain ceded the Philippines Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States for the sum of US$20 million.
Who is the first Filipino hero?
On April 27 1521 Lapu-Lapu together with the men of Mactan fought Magellan and the change he wanted to bring with the Spanish flag. Under the leadership of Lapu-Lapu Magellan and his men were successfully defeated. Today Lapu-Lapu is regarded as the first national hero of the Philippines.
Who created the flag of the Philippines?
How did Charles V and Philip II use their power?
How did Charles V and Philip II use their power? They strengthened the Roman Catholic Church and fought many wars to maintain Spain’s power.
How did Charles V and Philip II expand the Spanish state?
How is Charles V and Philip II expand the Spanish state? They fought wars and tried to expand Catholicism. How were citizens’ rights determined under the absolute monarchies in Spain and France? By the ruling monarch.
What kind of problems resulted from Spain’s wealth under Philip II?
Although during Philip’s reign Spain was at the height of its power and influence its wealth was illusory and soon to fall into rapid decline. Philip’s excessive expenditure had made the economic foundations of Spain very fragile. This was added to by other factors such as plagues bad harvests and population growth.
What were Louis XIV’s accomplishments?
- #1 He implemented reforms that improved commerce and trade.
- #2 More efficient taxation was introduced.
- #3 He reformed legally irregular France through his Code Louis.
- #4 Louis XIV encouraged the development of the arts during his age.
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