Who Is Themistocles

What was Themistocles known for?

Themistocles (born c. 524 bce—died c. 460) Athenian politician and naval strategist who was the creator of Athenian sea power and the chief saviour of Greece from subjection to the Persian empire at the Battle of Salamis in 480 bce.

What did Themistocles argue was important and why?

The war between Athens and Aegina had already lasted several years and Themistocles argued that the Athenian ships were no match for the larger fleet of the enemy. … Themistocles’ policy therefore meant the radicalization of the democracy. He also laid the foundations of what was to become a naval empire.

What made Themistocles a great leader?

Themistocles was an Athenian general during the Greco-Persian war who emphasized the use of the naval power and proved to be a solid example of good leadership. … Because this pass was only two hundred yards across this led it to be a natural choke point the Greeks were able to defend the Persians well.

Who is Themistocles 300?

Themistocles is the main protagonist in 300: Rise of an Empire. He is played by Sullivan Stapleton.

Why was Themistocles a traitor?

He was following accusations of bribery sacrilege and a suspicious association with Spartan traitor Pausanias exiled from the city from 476 to 471 BCE.

Where is Themistocles from?


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What weapon did Themistocles use?

There was no way that the Athenians could rely on traditional hoplite fighting techniques.” Themistocles began to form a bold new strategy employing the most advanced weapon of the day the trireme. Triremes had been developed by the Greek state of Corinth the ancient world’s finest shipbuilders.

How did Themistocles fall from power?

He was eventually accused of collaborating with the Persians which led to his ostracism and eventually forced exile from not just Athens but all of Greece. Themistocles’ life ended thousands of miles away from his beloved land and his reputation was ruined for centuries.

How did Themistocles win?

Themistocles sweetened the deal by promising to defect once battle was joined and attack the other Greeks with the whole Athenian fleet. … The narrow confines of the bay would prevent the Persian fleet from using its numerical advantage so the superior Greek seamanship and proficiency in ship boarding would win the day.

Who was Themistocles and what did he want?

Themistocles was the son of a middle-class Athenian father and a non-Athenian mother. Ability alone made him influential. He advocated resistance to Persia when some wanted appeasement and he urged the development of Athens’s navy when most trusted in its army.

What was Themistocles strategy?

The main elements of Themistocles’ strategy are summarized as follows: All Athenians would go onboard the ships to fight in the sea. The navy would be divided into two fleets. One would remain in Attica to protect Salamis and the second would engage the enemy at Artemision.

Who won the Persian War?

Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians) the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

How did Xerxes become a god?

Ten years ago prior to the first flim Xerxes is a prince while his father King Darius leads the Persians to attack Greece. … Xerxes finally reaches a cave and bathes in an otherworldly liquid emerging as the “God-King” with every bit of his humanity surrendered to give him the form he is now.

Is Xerxes real?

Xerxes I Old Persian Khshayarsha byname Xerxes the Great (born c. 519 bce—died 465 Persepolis Iran) Persian king (486–465 bce) the son and successor of Darius I.

How tall is Xerxes?

seven feet tall
Xerxes the king of Persia is portrayed as seven feet tall. Actor Rodrigo Santoro is only 6’2″. Not too shabby but the other 10 inches are special effects.Mar 7 2007

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Was Artemisia a real person?

Artemisia was real enough we learn from Herodotus her contemporary and historian of the Greco-Persian Wars. She was indeed a Greek queen who did fight for the Persians at Salamis. But far from being admiral-in-chief of the Persian navy she contributed a mere handful of warships out of the total of 600 or so.

Is Pericles the father of democracy?

Pericles is credited with instilling Athenian democracy and ushering in the Golden Age of Athens.

How did Themistocles transform the Greek navy?

Because of the cunning and intellect of Themistocles the Greek allied fleet won a decisive victory at Salamis. The Persian navy found an organized and battle-ready Greek fleet and the narrow passages of Salamis proved too narrow for the great numbers of Persian ships.

Did Persia have strong navy?

The navy (Old Persian: ??? romanized: nāva) of Achaemenids was the ancient navy of Persian Empire that existed between 525 BC and 330 BC.
Achaemenid Navy
Active 525 BC–330 BC
Country Persia
Type Ancient navy
Size 36 000–42 000 men at least (modern estimates)

Who betrayed Sparta?


In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans Ephialtes was portrayed by Kieron Moore and is depicted as a loner who worked on a goat farm near Thermopylae. He betrays the Spartans to the Persians out of greed for riches and it is implied unrequited love for a Spartan girl named Ellas.

Who was the leader of Athens?

Ancient Greek statesman Pericles leader of Athens from 460–429 B.C. organized the construction of the Parthenon and developed a democracy based on majority rule.

What accusation was brought against Themistocles later in life?

Plutarch cites him and him alone for a specific accusation: he in- dicted Themistocles for treason.

What is ironic about the end of Themistocles career?

Regardless Themistocles’ end is a bit ironic. He left Athens and eventually made his way to rule over some of the Asian Greek states that were actually the subjects of Xerxes’s son Artaxerxes I. This was the final nail in the coffin as the Athenians considered him a traitor as a result.

Did Themistocles make Athens great?

After his death however the Greeks restored his honor. Themistocles had overseen the first major shipbuilding program in Greece turned Athens into a dominant naval power for the first time and secured its position as one of the most powerful cities in the Mediterranean.

How did Themistocles convince Athens to invest in a larger Navy?

How did the Athenian naval commander Themistocles convince the Athenians to invest in a naval build up? He wants to make sure that the Persians can’t break through the Athenian naval lines He added many ships. He influenced the Athenian lines by finding silver y convinced them by lying.

Who won Salamis?

Battle of Salamis (480 bc) battle in the Greco-Persian Wars in which a Greek fleet defeated much larger Persian naval forces in the straits at Salamis between the island of Salamis and the Athenian port-city of Piraeus.

What is the name of Athenian warships?

Trireme. The power of the Ancient Greeks was largely based on their fast and deadly warships the triremes.

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Was Themistocles a leader?

Themistocles (ca. 528-462 B.C.) an Athenian political leader was a brilliant commander and statesman who defeated Persia at sea and made Athens a great power. … He saw correctly that the liberty of Greece and the future of Athens depended on first defeating Persia at sea.

Who is Socrates philosophy?

Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

What is the high classical period?

450–400 bce) Since Roman times Greek art of the second half of the 5th century bce has been generally regarded as the high point in the development of the Classical tradition.

Was Athens burned by Persia?

The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece and occurred in two phases over a period of two years in 480–479 BCE.

Did Sparta beat Persia?

Before the Spartans and others died however they had slain twenty thousand Persians. … Although the Greeks finally beat the Persians in the Battle of Platea in 479 B.C. thus ending the Greco-Persian Wars many scholars attribute the eventual Greek success over the Persians to the Spartans’ defense at Thermopylae.

What caused the Persian War?

The Persian wars against Greece were caused because the Darius the Persian king wanted to expand their empire. The wars took place in the early 5th century B.C. but the first attack was around 490 B.C. but the Persians lost. King Darius was humiliated and wanted to continue on which caused the series of wars.

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